Fédération Internationale de Football Association or FIFA is the world leading football organization. Its main objective is to organize major football torments such us World Cup, but it also is occupied with popularization of football, changing players between the clubs, making the FIFA team range etc.

Officially FIFA was founded in 1904 in Paris, France. When the rules of football were standardized and it became world famous, there was a need for centralized organization that regulates the game of football in the hole world. Football associations from such countries as France, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland came together and founded FIFA. As the modern football comes from Great Britain, it was the only country that had four football associations and their own organization so they rejected the new order and didn’t join FIFA at the beginning, so the strongest football teams weren’t included. In 1905 also England joined and FIFA officially became the leading football organization in the world. Later, however the work of FIFA was disturbed by the First World War and British associations withdrew.

In 1924 FIFA organized the football torment in summer Olympic Games. Before only English football associations had done that. The torment was successful and it was a base of thought about creation of world Cup. In 1928 FIFA held a congress in Amsterdam where the decision about creation of World Cup was made. At the next congress they chose the host of the World Cup which was Uruguay. As there was economical crisis at this time, there were only four teams that participated in the World Cup. After Second World War British associations joined FIFA again.

Nowadays there are 208 football associations includes in FIFA. The central bureau of FIFA is located in Switzerland, Zurich and it is established under the Law of Switzerland. The main law making organ is FIFA congress in which works representatives from all 208 associations. This conger also elects the president, general secretary and Executive Committee of FIFA. The Executive Committee consists of the president, eight vice-presidents and fifteen members. The president together with general secretary leads the administrative work of organization. In general secretary works more than 350 employees. Along with these institutions, there are also six continental confederations – AFC (Asia), CAF (Africa) CONMEBOL (South America), CONCACAF (North and Central America), OFC (Oceania), UEFA (Europe). Some of the associations represents another confederation that thay are geographically located.

FIFA hosts many torments. For men football teams they host FIFA World Cup, FIFA Confederations Cup, Men’s Olympic Football Tournament, FIFA U-20 World Cup, FIFA U-17 World Cup, Boys’ Youth Olympic Football Tournament, (U-15) FIFA Club World Cup, FIFA Futsal World Cup, FIFA Beach Soccer World and Cup Blue Stars/FIFA Youth Cup. For women they host FIFA Women’s World Cup, Women’s Olympic Football Tournament, FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup, FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup, Girls’ Youth Olympic Football Tournament (U-15) and FIFA Women’s Club World Cup. Also they host FIFA Interactive World Cup.


The Basics of Football

Football is the most popular sports game in the world so there is no doubt that it is very exciting. If you have never played football or if you haven’t became a football fan yet, but you have some interest in this game, you have to start by learning the basic rules and other aspect of football.

Unlike other sports games where rules changes quite often, football is quite conservative and standardized. Although usually there are some small changes in the rules each season, basic rules and regulations remains the same.

The main objective of the game of football is to get points by kicking the ball into opponent teams’ goal. The official game consists of two teams with 11 players in each team. One player in each team is the goalkeeper. Goalkeepers’ main task is to not let the ball being kicked into the goal. Goalkeeper is able to handle the ball only in the penalty area. Other 10 players of the team play into different positions, but the main objective for all of them are to kick the ball into the opponents’ goal. All the field players must find the most effective ways how to handle and pass the ball to the other team members, so opponent team members wouldn’t get it. They can handle and pass the ball with any part of their body, except the arms.

The official game of football is being held on a 105 x 68 meters large field covered with natural or artificial grass flooring. Smaller scale football games also can be held in smaller field, but it must remain the same proportions. The longer sides of the field are called touch lines and the shorter ones are called goal lines. Field must be divided into two parts with each goal in different part. Adjacent to the goal lines are the 16 meter and 9 meter boxes, which mark where the goal and goalkeeper are.

The duration of the game is 90 minutes which is divided in two halves of 45 minutes each. There is also stoppage time after each half time. Stoppage time is the compensation of pauses in the game as the clock in football game never stops. That means actually football game lasts around 94 minutes or a bit longer according to the decision of a referee.

There is a referee in each football game. He controls the duration of a game by a whistle and manage the punishment cards. There are two types or cards in football – yellow and red. Yellow card is a warning for breaking the rules but the red card means player needs to leave the field for breaking the rules. If that happens, team need to continue the game with one player less. Minimum count of players in the team can be 7. If penalty happens in the 16 meter box, that can be rewarded with penalty shot. That means the team who fouled has to take a kick right at the goal from the centre of a goal line.

The Basics of Football

History of Football

As the football is the most popular sports game in the whole world, it has some very long and interesting history. The game has come a long way of development form its origins, so lest see how it all began.

Of course, different ball games have been played almost by the time when first civilizations started to develop, but the first evidences about something very similar to football comes from China, during the Han dynasty around 2nd or 3rd century BC. This games objective was to kick a leather ball into net, which is very common to football that we know today. Also there are some evidences about similar games being played also in Japan, Korea, Rome and Greece.

However, FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) doesn’t recognize any similarities with ancient ball games and modern football. They claim that the modern rules of football are based only on the standardized forms of English football in 19th. So the birth date of football is around 8th century, because that’s the time when football came to England.

By the medieval times football became really popular in England and it had many forms, but at that time it was very violent game. Nowadays any violations are strictly forbidden, but then even punching, kicking and biting were allowed to get the ball into the net or goal. At the 1300s football was even forbidden at all, because The King of England Edward III assumed that football increased violence in society. Later also the King of Scotland James I said that no one should play this game. Later the rules of game started to change and many forms of football had been played in all of British public schools.

In the beginning of 18th century football became a popular game in colleges and universities. First university, who set the systematized rules, was Eton Collage. Later these rules became known as Cambridge rules. Actually all the forms of football were divides into two parts at that time. One group includes all the violent aspects, but other, including Cambridge rules, banned all of that.

At the 1863 all the biggest London clubs came together to set common and fundamental rules of football. They decided to totally split the game into two different sports games. At the end the violent forms of football were named rugby and the football played by the Cambridge type of rules was called association football or soccer.

By that time association football became widely popular in the whole world, because of the British sailors. They introduced other countries with this game and they started to adapt it. Nowadays football is widely popular exactly in those countries and regions, where British sailors went at the 19th century – Brazil, Argentina, Germany, Spain, France etc. Of, course, football spread in other countries as well. That’s how the game gained this huge popularity.

History of Football