football-benefits

Benefits of playing football

There are many reasons why everyone should start to play football. It is very fun sports game that provides fitness and also can be the best treatment of lifestyle related diseases beside the mind is fully free of bed and depressive thought during the game. The researches have proved that physical and psychological benefits of playing football can’t even be compared benefits from any other activity and you don’t need to take out loans onlain sesxebi to play this sport.

Few hours of playing football every week can provide cardiovascular, metabolic and musculoskeletal adaptations. That means your health and fitness level can be improved in many different ways. For example, if we compare playing football to simple running, than football can ensure improvements of lot wider range of organ systems. Running mostly can help to beat heart diseases, but football can cure many other types of diseases and also ensure weight loss and gained muscle mass.

If we talk about cardiovascular training than playing football can even be more effective than simple running. The benefits are the same – improved heart rate and blood pressure which is the best ways how to avoid all kind of heart diseases – but the whole process of running in football is different. In professional football each player runs more than 10 km during the game. Running 10 km in 90 minutes is great result. Maybe amateur football players don’t run so big distances, but is ensures a lot of running anyway. The greatest thing about all of that is not even noticing that. Players are so into game that they doesn’t notice how much they actually run, so it is easier than simple running on a straight road.

Metabolism is another important process of humans’ body that can be improved by playing football. That means reducing risk of digestive system diseases and also respiratory system diseases, because it is all connected. Beside the health improvements, better metabolism also means losing body fats. Football can improve the metabolic processes better than other activities, because there is wide range of movements included in the game. Football players are not doing the same thing all the time. They are running, kicking, turning and doing all kind of movements according to each situation.

Musculoskeletal adaptations basically mean gaining muscles and improving the posture. All the movements in football require strength and right position of a body. Players don’t even need to think about it all the time, because the right posture kind of comes automatically. In short, football can provide strong and right body.

But we cannot forget about the gaining of mental health. Like it was mentioned before, during the game of football players can forget about all the problems in their life. They are fully focused on the game. All they can think about is choosing the right strategy to win. It works almost like a meditation. That can help to reduce the stress and think more positive.

So if you want to improve not only your physical health and fitness level, but also mental health and just gain some positive emotions, start playing football. It doesn’t meter how good or bad you are, it is all about the right movements and getaway.

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Football Positions

Just like in any sports game, also in football there are many different positions. Each position has it own specific task in the game. Basically these tasks differ from defending to scoring. The very basic division into positions of football players is categorized into four – goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders, and forwards.

Probably everyone knows what the main task of goalkeeper is – to keep opponent from scoring. Goalkeeper probably is the most distinctive position among all others. First of all, that is, because goalkeeper, unlike all the other players, is able to throw the ball with hands if he is inside the penalty area. Although the main task for goalie is to defense from scoring, he also give valuable contribution in attacking, because he makes goal kicks and ball throws to teammates which can be very valuable if they are done strategic, precisely and correct. Also goalkeeper must keep the ball far away from goal area, although that is the main task of defender.

So defenders must keep the ball away from goalkeeper. They are like bodyguards of goalkeeper – they have to make sure opponents won’t be able to get close to him. Usually there are four defenders in each team, but the count is variable. If there are four defenders than two of them are center-backs, which are located in the middle, and two full-backs, from which one is located on the left side and other on the right side. There can also be such defender position as wing-back, which basically is the full-back that advances up to the opponent’s goal end.

Midfielders link between the defense and offense. Their task is to bring the ball to the forwards in attack and prevent the ball from reaching the defenders. So basically they are connecting two other positions. They are very useful in the game, because without them it is difficult for forwards to score. There are many types of midfielders. Defending midfielder is located in the middle, right in front of the defensive line. Central midfielders are located in the centre of the field. There can also be attacking midfielder which is first one inclined to attack.

Forwards are considered as the main players, because they are the ones how usually scores. Every forwarder must have a great ability to control the ball, but there are many types of forwarders which have different tasks. Centre-forwards are located very close to opponents’ goal. The main task of them is to score the goals through passes from the teammates, but also they must distract other teams’ defenders. Second-forwards are located behind the centre-forwards. They are the main scorers. There can also be other types of forwards, but they are used less often.

Every position is very important in the game, but the main key of success in the game of football is the teamwork. All these positions must learn how to work together and understand each other during every situation in game.

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Most important football skills

The main objective in game of football is to move the ball by kicking it in order to score. That might sound very easy, but actually it takes lot of skills to handle the ball. Every player must learn specific passes and also how to position themselves to receive the passes from other players. Here is a list of skills that every football player must have and develop during football practices.

First skill is overall controlling of the ball. That means player need to know how to move the ball forward by kicking it and at the same time not letting players from the opposite team to take control over the ball. Controlling includes lot of other skills.

The most important skill is passing the ball. It is not simple kicking without any knowledge how to do it. Football players need to learn how the ball can be controlled by kicking it with different parts of the feet. Also the part of the ball that is kicked influences the way ball goes. In short, every football player needs not only to have the strength to kick the ball, but also some knowledge in physics to understand how in which direction the ball will move by each kick. In the first football trainings usually the main focus is put exactly on many ball passing techniques.

The next skill is receiving the ball. Just like passing, also receiving the ball has many ways and techniques that require some knowledge in physics. Every part of the body can be used to receive the ball and players must choose the right way of receiving by the position of the ball. For example passes on the ground can be received by feet, but passes on the air is easier to receive either with head or chest. But it is not only about the body part of receiving the ball. Player also must know how hard the ball will be kicked away and in which direction it will go. Also receiving the ball must be learned in football trainings.

After simple passing and receiving, more advanced skills must be learned. One of them is dribbling. That means controlling the ball by kicking it in different directions to make the player form opposite team confused. Also dribbling has many techniques, for example it can be done either with inside or outside of the feet. The hardest part of dribbling is learning how to control the speed of a ball and how to do it by not looking at the feet. It is not a skill that can be learned easily, but it is an integral part of football.

The last important skill is scoring. Of course, that is important, because scoring is the main objective of the game. It is also the hardest task. Although it is only one kick, player must know how hard and in which exact direction ball must be kicked so other players or goalie wouldn’t be able to block it and at the same time the ball would go inside the goal. What makes everything even harder is the frustration and speed of the game. Player is not able to stop and think what to do; he must kick the ball in any conditions.

There are also other specific skills that must be learned to play football successfully, but these are the very basics. No one will be able to play football without knowing how to control, receive and pass the ball and score.

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FIFA

Fédération Internationale de Football Association or FIFA is the world leading football organization. Its main objective is to organize major football torments such us World Cup, but it also is occupied with popularization of football, changing players between the clubs, making the FIFA team range etc.

Officially FIFA was founded in 1904 in Paris, France. When the rules of football were standardized and it became world famous, there was a need for centralized organization that regulates the game of football in the hole world. Football associations from such countries as France, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland came together and founded FIFA. As the modern football comes from Great Britain, it was the only country that had four football associations and their own organization so they rejected the new order and didn’t join FIFA at the beginning, so the strongest football teams weren’t included. In 1905 also England joined and FIFA officially became the leading football organization in the world. Later, however the work of FIFA was disturbed by the First World War and British associations withdrew.

In 1924 FIFA organized the football torment in summer Olympic Games. Before only English football associations had done that. The torment was successful and it was a base of thought about creation of world Cup. In 1928 FIFA held a congress in Amsterdam where the decision about creation of World Cup was made. At the next congress they chose the host of the World Cup which was Uruguay. As there was economical crisis at this time, there were only four teams that participated in the World Cup. After Second World War British associations joined FIFA again.

Nowadays there are 208 football associations includes in FIFA. The central bureau of FIFA is located in Switzerland, Zurich and it is established under the Law of Switzerland. The main law making organ is FIFA congress in which works representatives from all 208 associations. This conger also elects the president, general secretary and Executive Committee of FIFA. The Executive Committee consists of the president, eight vice-presidents and fifteen members. The president together with general secretary leads the administrative work of organization. In general secretary works more than 350 employees. Along with these institutions, there are also six continental confederations – AFC (Asia), CAF (Africa) CONMEBOL (South America), CONCACAF (North and Central America), OFC (Oceania), UEFA (Europe). Some of the associations represents another confederation that thay are geographically located.

FIFA hosts many torments. For men football teams they host FIFA World Cup, FIFA Confederations Cup, Men’s Olympic Football Tournament, FIFA U-20 World Cup, FIFA U-17 World Cup, Boys’ Youth Olympic Football Tournament, (U-15) FIFA Club World Cup, FIFA Futsal World Cup, FIFA Beach Soccer World and Cup Blue Stars/FIFA Youth Cup. For women they host FIFA Women’s World Cup, Women’s Olympic Football Tournament, FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup, FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup, Girls’ Youth Olympic Football Tournament (U-15) and FIFA Women’s Club World Cup. Also they host FIFA Interactive World Cup.

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The Basics of Football

Football is the most popular sports game in the world so there is no doubt that it is very exciting. If you have never played football or if you haven’t became a football fan yet, but you have some interest in this game, you have to start by learning the basic rules and other aspect of football.

Unlike other sports games where rules changes quite often, football is quite conservative and standardized. Although usually there are some small changes in the rules each season, basic rules and regulations remains the same.

The main objective of the game of football is to get points by kicking the ball into opponent teams’ goal. The official game consists of two teams with 11 players in each team. One player in each team is the goalkeeper. Goalkeepers’ main task is to not let the ball being kicked into the goal. Goalkeeper is able to handle the ball only in the penalty area. Other 10 players of the team play into different positions, but the main objective for all of them are to kick the ball into the opponents’ goal. All the field players must find the most effective ways how to handle and pass the ball to the other team members, so opponent team members wouldn’t get it. They can handle and pass the ball with any part of their body, except the arms.

The official game of football is being held on a 105 x 68 meters large field covered with natural or artificial grass flooring. Smaller scale football games also can be held in smaller field, but it must remain the same proportions. The longer sides of the field are called touch lines and the shorter ones are called goal lines. Field must be divided into two parts with each goal in different part. Adjacent to the goal lines are the 16 meter and 9 meter boxes, which mark where the goal and goalkeeper are.

The duration of the game is 90 minutes which is divided in two halves of 45 minutes each. There is also stoppage time after each half time. Stoppage time is the compensation of pauses in the game as the clock in football game never stops. That means actually football game lasts around 94 minutes or a bit longer according to the decision of a referee.

There is a referee in each football game. He controls the duration of a game by a whistle and manage the punishment cards. There are two types or cards in football – yellow and red. Yellow card is a warning for breaking the rules but the red card means player needs to leave the field for breaking the rules. If that happens, team need to continue the game with one player less. Minimum count of players in the team can be 7. If penalty happens in the 16 meter box, that can be rewarded with penalty shot. That means the team who fouled has to take a kick right at the goal from the centre of a goal line.

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History of Football

As the football is the most popular sports game in the whole world, it has some very long and interesting history. The game has come a long way of development form its origins, so lest see how it all began.

Of course, different ball games have been played almost by the time when first civilizations started to develop, but the first evidences about something very similar to football comes from China, during the Han dynasty around 2nd or 3rd century BC. This games objective was to kick a leather ball into net, which is very common to football that we know today. Also there are some evidences about similar games being played also in Japan, Korea, Rome and Greece.

However, FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) doesn’t recognize any similarities with ancient ball games and modern football. They claim that the modern rules of football are based only on the standardized forms of English football in 19th. So the birth date of football is around 8th century, because that’s the time when football came to England.

By the medieval times football became really popular in England and it had many forms, but at that time it was very violent game. Nowadays any violations are strictly forbidden, but then even punching, kicking and biting were allowed to get the ball into the net or goal. At the 1300s football was even forbidden at all, because The King of England Edward III assumed that football increased violence in society. Later also the King of Scotland James I said that no one should play this game. Later the rules of game started to change and many forms of football had been played in all of British public schools.

In the beginning of 18th century football became a popular game in colleges and universities. First university, who set the systematized rules, was Eton Collage. Later these rules became known as Cambridge rules. Actually all the forms of football were divides into two parts at that time. One group includes all the violent aspects, but other, including Cambridge rules, banned all of that.

At the 1863 all the biggest London clubs came together to set common and fundamental rules of football. They decided to totally split the game into two different sports games. At the end the violent forms of football were named rugby and the football played by the Cambridge type of rules was called association football or soccer.

By that time association football became widely popular in the whole world, because of the British sailors. They introduced other countries with this game and they started to adapt it. Nowadays football is widely popular exactly in those countries and regions, where British sailors went at the 19th century – Brazil, Argentina, Germany, Spain, France etc. Of, course, football spread in other countries as well. That’s how the game gained this huge popularity.