FIFA

Fédération Internationale de Football Association or FIFA is the world leading football organization. Its main objective is to organize major football torments such us World Cup, but it also is occupied with popularization of football, changing players between the clubs, making the FIFA team range etc.

Officially FIFA was founded in 1904 in Paris, France. When the rules of football were standardized and it became world famous, there was a need for centralized organization that regulates the game of football in the hole world. Football associations from such countries as France, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland came together and founded FIFA. As the modern football comes from Great Britain, it was the only country that had four football associations and their own organization so they rejected the new order and didn’t join FIFA at the beginning, so the strongest football teams weren’t included. In 1905 also England joined and FIFA officially became the leading football organization in the world. Later, however the work of FIFA was disturbed by the First World War and British associations withdrew.

In 1924 FIFA organized the football torment in summer Olympic Games. Before only English football associations had done that. The torment was successful and it was a base of thought about creation of world Cup. In 1928 FIFA held a congress in Amsterdam where the decision about creation of World Cup was made. At the next congress they chose the host of the World Cup which was Uruguay. As there was economical crisis at this time, there were only four teams that participated in the World Cup. After Second World War British associations joined FIFA again.

Nowadays there are 208 football associations includes in FIFA. The central bureau of FIFA is located in Switzerland, Zurich and it is established under the Law of Switzerland. The main law making organ is FIFA congress in which works representatives from all 208 associations. This conger also elects the president, general secretary and Executive Committee of FIFA. The Executive Committee consists of the president, eight vice-presidents and fifteen members. The president together with general secretary leads the administrative work of organization. In general secretary works more than 350 employees. Along with these institutions, there are also six continental confederations – AFC (Asia), CAF (Africa) CONMEBOL (South America), CONCACAF (North and Central America), OFC (Oceania), UEFA (Europe). Some of the associations represents another confederation that thay are geographically located.

FIFA hosts many torments. For men football teams they host FIFA World Cup, FIFA Confederations Cup, Men’s Olympic Football Tournament, FIFA U-20 World Cup, FIFA U-17 World Cup, Boys’ Youth Olympic Football Tournament, (U-15) FIFA Club World Cup, FIFA Futsal World Cup, FIFA Beach Soccer World and Cup Blue Stars/FIFA Youth Cup. For women they host FIFA Women’s World Cup, Women’s Olympic Football Tournament, FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup, FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup, Girls’ Youth Olympic Football Tournament (U-15) and FIFA Women’s Club World Cup. Also they host FIFA Interactive World Cup.